New Delhi, Feb. 20 (CNA) Taiwanese technology can help improve India's air quality by recycling its agricultural waste into bioethanol or pellets that can be used as fuels, a Taiwanese official and scientist has argued in a quarterly magazine in India.
The article, titled "A Taiwanese prescription to fight pollution by utilizing agricultural waste" published Sunday in "Diplomatic Square," said that nearly 81,000 premature deaths of adults over 30 years old in Delhi and Mumbai in 2015 were caused by polluted air.
Air pollution also cost about 0.71 percent of India's GDP, wrote Dr. Henry H. Chen, a counselor in the Taipei Economic and Cultural Center in India and a professor of food science at National Pingtung University of Science and Technology.
Instead of letting farmers and landowners burn agricultural waste like straws, stalks, pasture and woody chips and pollute the air, Taiwan has second-generation bioethanol technology to manufacture cellulosic ethanol from a wide range of those waste products, Chen wrote.
He noted that a Taiwanese research institute has been conducting a pilot program in this area.
Chen also said that many tandoori restaurants in India use coal, wood or charcoal as fuel for cooking, which release tar and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the air that are severely hazardous to people's health and the environment.
Taiwan has technology to make fuel pellets from bamboo residues, which India has in abundance because it is the second largest producer of bamboo in the world, and it can help India use pellets as a replacement fuel to improve the air quality and reduce bamboo waste, Chen said.
A Taiwanese manufacturer has been working with Swedish home furnishings brand IKEA to use waste materials like sawdust and chips to make pellets in Indonesia.
Taiwan and India signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on scientific and technological cooperation in 2007.
(By Charles Kang and Kuo Chung-han)